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The General Structure of barcodes and their types

The General Structure of barcodes and their types

The name “barcode” originates from the words “bar” and “code,” and it refers to the visual representation of data in the form of black and white vertical bars, which can be numbers or characters. Bar codes, which were originally designed to assist markets speed up the verification process when entering and departing items, are now present in a major portion of commercial activity, accounting for roughly 81 percent of all products.

Bar codes work on the same basis as computers in general: binary code. The stripes indicate a series of zeros and ones in this fashion. The reading equipment, which might be a regular computer or a smartphone, consults a database to get a precise description of the goods.

Whether black or white, a barcode is split into 95 pieces of the same size. In this method, the computer scans the code that determines whether or not the columns are coloured, assigning numbers zero and one for variations – zero for areas of higher light reflection (white) and one for areas of lesser reflection (black), resulting in a 95-digit number.

Barcodes make it possible to swiftly and easily identify a product, as well as manage the entrance and dispatch of stock, for example. Furthermore, because these codes are standardised and automatically scanned by barcode scanners, they practically eliminate the possibility of mistakes. You can buy barcodes from the best barcode providers in India such as Quickbarcodes.

Types of Barcode

There are two types of barcodes: one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) barcodes (like QR Code and similar). The most significant distinction between 1D and 2D codes is the amount of data that can be stored in each.

UPC and EAN are the two most widely used 1D barcode standards for items at the moment. The first is generally used in the United States and Canada, whereas the second is the global norm, including in India. Most firms have been upgrading in order to take these two sorts of codes, therefore expanding their adaptability. However, depending on where the product will circulate, a check of which code to use is always advised.

The EAN-13 barcode is found on the products we buy on a daily basis. EAN-8, EAN-12, and EAN-14 are also found on occasion, depending on the product. The initial stage in the entire manufacturing cycle is industry. The items will be coded here, and the code will be used from there on out. A barcode for a product cannot be “made up.” It must adhere to a set of guidelines. This standardization guarantees that a barcode may be allocated to a product once and for all, preventing duplication. GS1 India is the authorized provider of bar codes (EAN/UPC) in India and across the world.

What is the procedure for obtaining a barcode?

Every company that wishes to identify its products, whether for internal control or export, should be worried about developing its own barcodes. As previously stated, GS1 is in charge of the code pattern in India. Simply register on the GS1 website and submit your own code to receive your own code for your items. This may be done from anywhere in the globe, even Indian soil! For more information, click now here.

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