Since a tree is not like a shrub that needs frequent thinning, the pruning is permanent and has a significant impact on its structure and appearance. The most beautiful fully grown trees keep their youthful appearance through targeted pruning as they grow. It is advisable to make small wounds on old trees rather than larger ones when trimming. A wound that is too large can damage a tree.
2 categories of pruning
With pruning, you can prune trees, either by thinning them or by pruning their heads, no matter how old or young they are.
Multiple branches can be removed at once, or one branch can be shortened to join another. This type of pruning can be used to stimulate growth through a tree while removing unhealthy or weak growth. The thinning pruning is also used to improve air circulation in a tree canopy as well as to improve the penetration of sunlight into the inner leaf surface or the soil below. Thinning also improves the naturally symmetrical shape of a tree.
lateral ends of branches are pruned back to a bud formed by the cut, resulting in a shorter tree. When head cuts are used on branches that are more than a year old, it is difficult – if not impossible – to correct the deformity.
The problems with topping
A head cut, when done poorly, is called a topping tree trimming sydney. This is the most common mistake in pruning trees and the most devastating to the tree’s wellbeing. Topping is done by removing branches and even the main trunk of trees to leave stumps. It can also occur naturally when strong winds break the hull structure.
As a result of the topping, the tree enters a state of overfeeding that causes it to die with the fall of the leaves. Shoots that are spindly, weak, and easy to break are quickly replaced. Plus, these shoots need to be trimmed frequently so they don’t break.
In contrast, topping in trees creates large, gaping wounds that are difficult for trees to seal. These wounds encourage the spread of tooth decay or diseases that create weak spots in the branch structure. Decaying stubs also compromise the structural integrity of the tree.
Pruning trees is not an easy task. It shouldn’t be done to be done. Poor technique or excessive pruning can have disastrous consequences for the plant. Some of the most serious consequences are the reduction in growth, flowering, fruit production, and the species’ susceptibility to pests or disease.
Are you now beginning to understand the importance of this process?
By pruning, you not only keep your tree in perfect condition, but you also manipulate its growth, shape and, if fruity, its fruit production.
What types of cuts are there?
Before pruning, you need to be very clear about what you are looking for in this procedure, and most importantly, what the tree will actually need.
As mentioned earlier, not all plants need regular pruning. In many cases, a simple intervention is enough if growth is getting too out of control. Others only require removing the withered parts.
Every plant needs pruning and knowing its characteristics and needs will be crucial. You will be pruning in one way or another, not only depending on these factors, you also need to take into account the lifetime the tree is in.
There are several types of pruning, but the most important one is training and maintenance. Other processes are fruit formation, rejuvenation or flowering.
The aim of this process is to shape a species so that it has a certain aesthetic appearance. Formation pruning also causes the development of strong, well-distributed branches and, in the case of a fruit tree, easy harvesting of the fruit.
The basic purposes are:
Direct or limited growth: If a tree is allowed to grow freely, it may look too wild for our garden. The aim of the training cut is to keep the development of a species in balance. A clear example of this are bonsai or hedges.
Control the production of flowers and fruits: Overproduction of flowers or fruits can lead to poor quality. By pruning a few sections of internal or weak branches, the tree’s energy is redirected to the essentials.
Prevent Pests and Diseases from Occurring: It is an effective way to control the attack of pests or diseases. One good