Indian Administrative Services (IAS) and Indian Police Services (IPS) are two of the most sought-after and vital All India Services that existed before the declaration of independence. The debate of IAS and IPS is also age-old because both of these services are the backbone for the development of the country. Revenue as well as Law and Order are the two most crucial components of the State Administration and are a part of the IAS and IPS. Development and Security are vital to the development of the country. IAS and IPS are the two pillars of security and development in India. Candidates for both of these services are selected through a similar test (Civil Services Exam) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
The IAS and IPS do not compete in terms of power, and they complement one another. Both IPS and IAS are All-India Services. Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is also called the Indian Police Service (IPS). In a district, IAS and IPS officers are the two most important officials in the government administration. IAS as well as IPS complement each other. Both are essential to the growth of Indian society. IAS as well as IPS officers have radically different jobs, backgrounds, training authorities for cadre control, pay, and power.
Let’s examine the most important differences between IAS & IPS.
Evolution of IAS & IPS
Prior to Independence, IAS and IPS both were controlled by the Europeans as only a small number of Indians were able to crack the Civil Services Exam. The services were made available to Indian citizens after Independence. Indians were allowed to apply for them and their eligibility criteria were relaxed. Indian Administrative Service is the continuation of the Imperial Civil Services (ICS) prevailing in the colonial period. Civil Services is related to the collection of revenues from the agricultural land , hence the name “Collector”. This was the first post in the British company and was the first time that they introduced the highly sought-after civil service.
The same way, IPS is an extension of the Imperial Police. On the other hand the necessity of Police Bureaucracy was mentioned in the Indian Council Act of 1861 for the first time.
The process of recruitment
Every year the candidates for both IAS and IPS are chosen by UPSC Civil Services Examination. IAS applicants must fill out the DAF of UPSC and Department of Personnel & Training to indicate the preferred service. The selected candidates are assigned to the service by rank and preference. Many candidates pick IAS as their first choice as well as IPS as their second.
It is easy to understand the popularity of IAS by the fact that the UPSC Civil Services exam has become known as IAS. IAS exam. IAS outstripped all other public services in Civil Services Exam, and in real-life.
Cadre Controlling Authority
Following the Civil Services exam results, UPSC releases the recommendation list of applicants to the Ministry of Personnel. From there, all details of candidates are disclosed to the relevant Cadre Controlling Authorities.
The Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration is where the newly selected IAS/IPS officers are placed for a three-month common foundation course. After the foundation course, IAS officers remain at the LBSNAA and all other officers were sent to their respective training institutes. IPS officer trainees are sent to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) Hyderabad for the remaining portion of their education. IAS probationers follow the option of a two-year course however, the IPS officers train for two and a half years.
The President’s Gold Medal is awarded to the IAS Training Topper, and the Prime Minister’s Battaon is awarded to the IPS Training Course Topper.
IAS training focuses on the coordination, management and management of resources as well as human resource. IPS training also involves training in physical skills as well as laws needed to perform law enforcement tasks. IPS training is more complicated and involves more physical activity. It includes horse riding, parade, weapons training, and many other items required for law enforcement.
Responsibilities and Powers
The magisterial system regulates that the DM may order the start of fire to control the mob as well as other conditions. The approval of the DM is required for the transfer of certain police officers.
IPS is appointed as the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) in the district. He is more concerned with the rule of law within the city. For certain warrants, he requires the approval of IAS officers.
The job profile for both IAS and IPS services is very wide and both are listed on powerful websites, but IAS is far more effective as a DM. An IPS has only the responsibility for its own department, however an IAS (DM) is the responsibility for all departments in the district. As DM, an IAS officer is accountable for the head of the police and other departments.
A protocol states that the IPS officer is required to salute IAS in the event that he’s a senior IAS member. IAS. The protocol also stipulates that the IPS officer is required to salute an IAS officer, if he’s more senior than him. Some states have implemented the commissionerate system in certain cities. Under this system, police officers have more powers, but still less than an IAS.
Scope of duty
An IAS officer is able to be a DM in any department within the district. In contrast, when an IPS is a SSP is able to work within the traffic and police departments of the district in which they work. DM is very extensive in its scope of duty and includes every department in the district. Even during Disaster Management time when the army is in session, DM is the person who is in charge of coordination at the district level. He is equivalent to a major in the army.
IPS is the second crucial functionary in the district as he needs to oversee the law and order of the city. He is more concerned about the activities of the departments and the orders he has been given by the DM.
Uniform separates IAS as well as IPS. There is no special uniform for IAS officers. They need to wear formal clothing at the official events, but IPS have to wear the uniform they are required to wear. The uniforms worn by IPS officers vary according to their rank. The IPS officer wears the Ashok the symbol of their shoulders.
In public spaces people are aware of IPS officers by their or her uniform but they are not IAS.
The Cabinet Secretary of India is a position that can be appointed by the IAS. It is the top position within the Indian bureaucratic structure at which only an IAS officer is eligible to be appointed. UPSC Classes in Vadodara The State Secretary is the most prestigious position within the bureaucratic system of the state. An IAS officer is only able to hold this post. IAS officers can also hold the post of Union Home Secretary.
IPS could become Director-General of Police of the state. A Union Government IPS officer can be appointed Director of the CBI/IB/RAW. IPS can also be posted as a National Security Advisor.
The pay of an IPS officer in India has seen significant improvements since the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission. An IPS officer’s salary could range between Rs 56,100 and 2,25,000 per month. It is contingent on the level of your level of experience. The pay of IAS is also much more than the salary suggested by the Seventh Pay Commission. IAS salary ranges from Rs 56100 to 2,50,000 per month. It also varies depending on the level of seniority. The IAS pay is more than IPS.